Japan's Hydrogen Highway
Japan's hydrogen highway system was brought into place because
of the 4-year Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Project (JHFC). Twelve
hydrogen fueling stations have been built in 11 cities in Japan.
Two hydrogen fueling stations that were built for Expo 2005 in
Seto-North and Seto-South have been moved to the Chubu International
Airport where only one is in operation now. Eight Toyota / Hino
FCHV buses were refueled at these stations for the World Exposition
Fair of 2005. The stations dispensed 1,300 kg of hydrogen gas during
One hydrogen fueling station that had been operational in the city
of Hadano in the Kanagawa Prefecture was the world's first station
to dispense hydrogen made by reforming kerosene. The station built
by the Idemitsu Kosan Company required extensive desulfurization
The other Japanese cities that currently have operational hydrogen
fueling stations include Ome-shi, Senju, Kasumigaseki, Ariake, Sagamilhara,
Yokohama-Asahi, Kawasaki, Yokohama-Tsurumi, Yokohama-Daikoku and
The Ome-shi hydrogen station operates by reforming natural gas,
which is readily available. The Ome-shi station is also a mobile
station and services areas not covered by the fixed hydrogen stations.
The Senju station is an LPG reforming station run by Tokyo Gas
and Nippon Sanso.
The Kasumigaseki hydrogen fueling station is a mobile station located
near Tokyo. The components of this hydrogen refueling station are
brought inside and night and moved outside for use in the morning
hours. The Ariake hydrogen refueling station is equipped to dispense
both gaseous and liquid hydrogen. This is one of only two stations
capable of dispensing liquid hydrogen in Japan.
The Sagamilhara hydrogen fueling station was the first of its kind
installed at an existing LP gas station. The station uses alkali
diaphragm water electrolysis to generate hydrogen gas. The Yokohama-Asahi
hydrogen fueling station is the first station in Japan to reform
high-purity hydrogen from naphtha.
The Kawasaki hydrogen fueling station is the world's first station
to reform methanol in order to attain the hydrogen gas. Methanol
reforming is safer than natural gas reforming in that it can be
done at lower temperatures with less energy expended.
The Yokohama-Tsurumi hydrogen fueling station is Japan's first
off-site station that refuels fuel cell vehicles through a trailer.
The Yokohama-Daikoku hydrogen station uses steam reforming of de-sulfurized
gasoline to produce hydrogen. Behind the station is a showroom and
garage for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
The Kimitsu-shi hydrogen station uses coke oven gas (COG) to mass-produce
liquid hydrogen. The by-product COG is produced in the steel-making
process and everyday this facility manufactures 0.2 tons of high-purity
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